If you’re a coffee lover, you probably won’t be surprised to know that coffee ranks as one the most valuable and widely traded commodity crops in the world. In fact, it is one of the most important export products of several
countries such as those in Central and South America, the Caribbean and Africa.
Does the coffee geek inside you want to read more? We have here some facts about the coffee plant that you may find fascinating.
Coffee plants are native to Africa and Southern Asia.
While they may be often called “coffee trees”, coffee plants are actually shrubs.
They belong to the Rubiaceae family and they can grow over 20 feet.
However, coffee farmers usually prune them to around 8 to 10 feet in height.
It will take about five years for a coffee plant to grow and finally produce our precious coffee beans.
On average, a coffee plant produces around one pound of coffee beans every year.
Coffee plants also produce blossoms which are very small and fragrant.
Coffee berries are produced after the blooming period. These coffee berries are usually around six inches in length. They are initially green in color. As they ripen, they change to yellow, then to orange and finally to a bright red to dark red color.
Did you know that there is actually an area called the “Bean Belt” where most of the world’s coffee plants are grown and harvested?
The Bean Belt can be found between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn on the globe.
Coffee plants can outlive us humans given that they live in ideal conditions. They can live up to whopping 100 years!
There are three main types of coffee plants that are commercialized.
These are the Arabica, Robusta and Liberica. Among the three, the Arabica Coffee plant produces the most of the world’s specialty coffees.