Steps to Prevent Agricultural Pests and Diseases

The number one concern in growing crops is the maintenance of pests and diseases.

This is the reason why crop protection methods are continuously evolving over time. On
the other hand, there are practices that you can do that will significantly prevent the
build-up of pests and diseases.

Continue reading for some steps in preventing pests and diseases among your plants.

 Clear your garden.

Don’t leave decaying vegetation or plant debris lying around your garden or field.

This provides the perfect place for plant pests and diseases to thrive in. Also,
after harvest or during transitions between growing seasons, make sure to clear
your field of any unwanted debris. You may want to have proper composting
environment placed nearby.

 Make sure that all your tools and containers are properly disinfected.

Plant disease can be highly contagious from plant to plant. Using the same tools,
containers and even human hands can transfer disease-carrying organisms from
a sick plant to a healthy plant. To avoid this from happening, you need to be
careful in cleaning and disinfecting everything that you use when handling plants.

 Watch out for infested plants.

If you have spotted infested plants in the lot, be keen in treating them as well as
the plants near them. You may want to isolate the infested plants while being
treated. Assess the condition of these sick plants. If needed, these plants should
be removed rather than risk the other healthy plants to be infested as well.

 Apply crop protection products.

There are so many products in the market that can effectively protect your plants.
Make sure to choose the right product for your plants. Be sure to read the labels
to effectively use these products. Many choose safe and effective organic
products for their crops.

Agricultural Pest Control Methods

Pest control is the management of a certain species that are defined as pest due to its
threats to the health of humans, ecology or the economy.

In agriculture, the main goal of pest control is to protect crops by reducing the levels of
the attacking of pests.

In the protection of crops, there are many different methods to utilize in order to control
and manage plant diseases. Farmers need to implement these methods to ensure the
quality of produce.

1. Biological Pest Control

By using this approach, pests are controlled by using other organisms. This
method depends on predation, parasitism and other natural processes. This
makes use of the idea of introducing the natural enemies of the pests to be
eliminated.

This method is useful and is often used by most farmers. It’s considered to be a
significant component of pest control and management.

2. Chemical Control

This method involves the use of chemical pesticides. These chemical pesticides
are utilized to prevent, repel or destroy pests. There are different types of
pesticides depending on the application.

There are insecticides made for controlling of insects and fungicides which are
used to manage fungal diseases in plants.

It is important to choose the right type and formulation of pesticides. They should
not harm the pests’ natural enemies. Over time, the effectiveness of chemical
pesticides decrease due to organisms becoming immune to them.

3. Plant Quarantine

Another way of controlling pests is by isolating diseased plants from the healthy
ones. The infested plants are either destroyed or kept for treatment or studying.
This prevents the introduction and spread of harmful pests and pathogens.

There are many other ways to protect crops. These are just some of the methods that
are used today. For better results, some may use these methods in combination
depending on the circumstances.

Pesticide Exposure: What’s the risk?

Pesticides are indeed pest killers. But do you know that it can also cause health issues for you, too?

Pesticides can harm people in so many ways – most of which, we don’t even realize. Farmers who use pesticides are at risk of dermal and respiratory exposure. On the other hand, consumers are at possible risk of oral exposure if the produce was overly exposed or not washed properly.

Dermal Exposure
– It results when the pesticide was absorbed by your skin or eyes after contact. Absorption will continue until the chemical is on your skin or eyes.

You should know that the pesticide residues can be transferred easily from one body part to another. Thus, the applicator increases the potential of pesticide poisoning.

Respiratory Exposure
– Respiratory exposure is one of the most critical because pesticide particles can be absorbed by the lungs directly into your bloodstream. If you inhaled sufficient amount of pesticides, it can instantly cause serious damage to your nose, throat, and lung tissues.

– Lungs can be exposed to pesticides by airborne droplets, inhalation of powders, or vapor inhalation. Handling concentrated wettable powders can pose a hazard if inhaled during mixing.

Oral Exposure
– The risk of oral exposure to pesticides is high. It can result in severe injury and serious illness. In fact, it can even cause death if swallowed.

– It’s common to have accidental oral exposures as well. This happens when pesticides have been removed to their original, labeled bottles and moved into a jar or food container.

– 50% of accidental oral exposure victims in the United States are under 10 years old.