10 Interesting Coffee Plant Facts for the Aficionados

If you’re a coffee lover, you probably won’t be surprised to know that coffee ranks as one the most valuable and widely traded commodity crops in the world. In fact, it is one of the most important export products of several
countries such as those in Central and South America, the Caribbean and Africa. Continue reading “10 Interesting Coffee Plant Facts for the Aficionados”

Everything to Know About Rust Plant Disease: Management & Prevention

In the first part of this two-part blog, we have highlighted the signs to look for when identifying a rust disease infected plant along with the causes of such disease. In this part, we will be learning about the ways you can manage and prevent rust disease from spreading. Continue reading “Everything to Know About Rust Plant Disease: Management & Prevention”

What Does it Take to Grow a Healthy Coffee Plant? (Part 2)

In the previous blog we’ve learned the importance of growing coffee plants. As we
continue, we will be learning about the other factors to consider for you to grow a strong
and healthy coffee plant.

Aside from the climatic conditions and the management of coffee plant diseases, here
are other points to consider. Continue reading “What Does it Take to Grow a Healthy Coffee Plant? (Part 2)”

What Does it Take to Grow a Healthy Coffee Plant? (Part 1)

Growing coffee can provide a source of employment for many farmers, making it a very
important source of income in rural areas. Aside from its impact on the livelihood of
farmers, coffee growing also helps reduce soil erosion and aids for good watershed

In order to grow healthy coffee plants, there are certain variables to focus on. If you are
a coffee producer and you’re after the quality improvement of your coffee beans, you
need to know the critical factors in growing strong and healthy coffee plants. Continue reading “What Does it Take to Grow a Healthy Coffee Plant? (Part 1)”

Get to Know More about the Coffee Plant

Enjoying your cup of coffee? It’s all thanks to the healthy coffee plants cultivated by all
the hardworking coffee farmers worldwide. They know very well to take care of our
precious coffee plants. They use excellent products like CR-10 to protect and produce
more coffee beans so you’ll get to drink it right now.

You know very well that the aromatic brown beverage you are sipping right now comes
from beans but do you even know what kind of beans are they or where do they come
from? Keep on reading to learn more.

Coffee beans are the seeds of the coffee plant. The coffee plant is a woody perennial
evergreen dicotyledon belonging to the Rubiaceae family. They can grow very high, so
it can be more accurate to call them coffee trees.

The plant produces white flowers and red berries that contain seeds or what we call
the “coffee beans” from which the beverage is made. Each berry usually has two
seeds. These seeds are extracted from the harvested berries and then roasted to
produce the coffee beverage.

Although there are some 25 species within the Coffea genus, there are actually two
main species coffee that are popular today. One is the Coffea Arabica or the Arabica
coffee which accounts for almost 80 percent of the entire production of coffee around
the world.

The other one is the coffea canephora or the Robusta coffee. It covers almost the
remaining 20 percent of the world’s production of coffee.

If you are to compare one from the other, Robusta coffee beans are more robust than
Arabica coffee. Robusta coffee beans however produce inferior tasting coffee with
higher content of caffeine. In case you didn’t know, these beans are the ones used in
the traditional Italian espresso blends.

On the other hand, Arabica beans are generally considered to produce higher quality
and better tasting coffee. Gourmet coffees are mostly made from Arabica beans.

You now have a little more knowledge about the coffee beans and the coffee plant.
Enjoy your coffee!

Why Coffee Farmers are Real Heroes

Next to water, coffee is the most popular drink all over the world with over 10 million
tons of coffee every year. According to the International Coffee Organization (ICO), it is
the world’s most widely traded tropical agricultural commodity. Statistics show that there
around 70 countries that produce coffee.

Majority of coffee production comes from small coffee farmers. In a world where
population is increasing in a fast pace that many people are facing good quality food
supply crisis, these farmers play a truly vital role.

World coffee consumption trends are continually rising over the years according to the
data from ICO. If this continues, the production must also adapt. Resources,
technologies and products for better coffee production should be made available to
farmers to improve coffee production.

In the coffee production, there are several challenges:

 Pests, diseases and fungi

These are real threats to many coffee producers. La roya or coffee leaf rust is
one of the most devastating disease that affects coffee plantations worldwide.
This is brought by a fungus called Hemileia vastatrix that feeds on coffee leaves
in order to survive.

 Climate change

One inevitable challenge is the changes in the environment. Farmers have to
face this however. They need to increase their production during harvest season
to cover the costs that they have spent throughout the year.

 Shortage on Manpower

Coffee pickers and farmers are getting hard to find. Coffee needs to be picked
when they are ripe enough. It would be impossible to have enough coffee if we
don’t have enough workers.

Coffee farmers are indeed important in the coffee industry. They are key to the
continuity of coffee production. Without them, drinking coffee could turn into an
expensive luxury. It is important therefore that farmers get the access to all the
information, researches and products so that they could effectively reduce production
costs, increase crop yield and income.

Coffee Rust and How It Affects the Coffee Industry Worldwide

The coffee rust epidemic has reached a lot of countries all over the world and has been a major problem and threat to coffee plantations all over the world. The rust organism mainly attacks the leaves (though in some rare instances the rust was found on fruits and young stems.). The coffee rust is usually manifested by chlorotic young lessions or pale yellow spots before the sporulation is evident. The sports vary in shapes and sizes.

This epidemic was first recorded in 1861. A British explorer discovered the development of coffee leaf rust in the Lake Victoria region in Kenya. In 1869, the cultivated coffee industry in Sri Lanka was attacked by this virus and their coffee industry suffered for 10 long years.

In 1920, the spread of the coffee leaf rust has reached most African and Asian countries during the sprout of their commercial grown coffee.

The epidemic in Brazil started in 1972. Soon, it affected the countries in Southern and Central America.

The Effects of Coffee Rust to Coffee Plantations

  • The amount of rust in the current year highly affects the reduced size of vegetative growth and berry growth.
  • Coffee rust is associated with defoliation. The strong sink of the berries’ carbohydrate can cause shoots and roots to starve and die. With that being said, the number of nodes on which coffee will be produced next year will be reduced.
  • The production of coffee for the following year is produced this season. Thus, the top and shoot dieback caused by the coffee rust will seriously reduce the following season’s crop.
  • A research conducted by Kushalappa and Eskes in 1989 estimates the total losses caused by leaf rust is between 30 to 80%.
  • The total average losses per year is believed to be about 15%.


CR-10 and Eliminating the Devastating Effects of the Coffee Leaf Rust Epidemic

The devastating effects of the coffee leaf rust epidemic have reached different countries all over Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. Aside from thousands of people losing their jobs, coffee plantations end up losing millions of dollars.

Eliminating the harmful effects of this disease is not impossible. However, it is challenging. Recently, we released CR-10, which is a coffee rust control fungicide. a coffee rust treament… or even better: a coffee rust solution!   The active ingredientl is designed to attack the fungi and get rid of the harmful effects of the rust to the coffee leaves.

  1. The CR-10 works faster compared to other fungicides

Eliminating coffee rust is our main goal. We want to help in saving the coffee plantations and somehow improving the commercial coffee economic status of the affected countries. Upon application, farmers can already see the effect of CR-10 on coffee rust after 48 hours.

  1. The CR-10 only requires 2 to 3 applications

This fungicide works faster and better. Therefore, it only takes 2 to 3 applications to work. According to our own research, farmers had to do 4 to 12 applications using other products. With the CR-10, you can save money on labor and get better results faster than other fungicides.

  1. The CR-10 is 100% Safe.

We always do our best to create products that are safe not only for us people but also to animals and to our environment. The CR-10 is 100% safe. It is biodegradable and non-toxic (when used at recommended dilution).

We made sure that our product is people friendly and environment-friendly as well. You have to make sure that you will use it at the level of dilution we recommend.

Distribution of Coffee Rust (Infographics)

world_countries_coffee rust

Coffee is the most important agricultural product in agricultural trade. There are different types of coffee plant diseases, but by far, coffee rust is the most economically important int the world. It was the main reason why countries like El Salvador lost 50% of their job opportunities in the coffee sector in 2011.

In Central America, 70% of its total coffee fields was affected by coffee rust. This led to devastating results like reduced yields, massive economic damage, loss of about 500,000 coffee-related jobs, and about $1 billion in revenue.

Coffee Rust Timeline:

1861 – The signs of coffee rust was seen in Ethiopia, the origin of coffea Arabica. By then, they didn’t know about the disease yet and didn’t have a name for it.

1867 – Coffee rust was seen in Sri Lanka.

1888 – The epidemic started in neighboring Asian countries like Brunei and Malaysia.

1892 – The disease reached Papua New Guinea.

1904 – 1906 – Coffee rust fungi also reached Madagascar and spread the outbreak on its coffee fields.

1910 – The outbreak reached Congo Republic, Angola, Zambia, and other neighboring countries.

1913 – It reached the African continent.

1945 – The disease went back to Asia and affected India, Thailand, and Bangladesh.

1951 – 66 – The devastating results of the coffee rust disease were suffered by the rest of the African continent.

1972 – The first appearance of the coffee rust disease was recorded in Brazil.

1976 – It affected other European countries like Honduras, Guatamela, Ecuador, and Colombia. These countries aren’t that big, but coffee is one of their main products.

1978 -83 – The disease reached Peru.

1979 -81 – The coffee rust disease affected the coffee plants in Mexico.

The spread of this fungal disease didn’t stop there. In 2011, the prices of coffea Arabica dropped massively because of the disease.